UPSC Geologist Syllabus Exam Pattern Exam Date Download

September 24, 2022

UPSC Geologist Syllabus

The team of has provided the newest UPSC Geologist Syllabus and Exam Pattern on this page for the preparations of the written test against the total 285 posts. The written examination will be conducted soon at different examination centers across the Nation. The eligible and interested candidates may apply UPSC Geologist Recruitment Application Form from 21/09/2022 to 11/10/2022 by visiting the official website of the department. The UPSC Geologist Admit Card will be available on the department website 15 days before the test date.


Post Name

Total Post


Geologist Group A



Geophysicist Group A



Chemist Group A



Scientist B (Hydrogeology, Chemical, Geophysics)


Examination Notice No.02/2023-GEOL


Date of Notification21/09/2022
Date of Commencement of Applications11/10/2022
Duration of ExaminationOne Day
Last Date for Receipt of Applications11/10/2022
Department NameUttar Pradesh Public Service Commission

UPSC Geologist Syllabus/Recruitment Details-

Department Name

Union Public Service Commission

Examination Centers-




















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Selection Process


Written Test

Personal Interview/Personality Test

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Official Website

UPSC Geologist Exam Pattern Details-

The Multiple Objective Types Questions will be asked in the written test.

The candidates, who will be qualified in the written test, will be called for the personal interview which will be of a maximum of 200 Marks.

General English will be common for all vacancies-

General English- 100 Marks

Duration of Test- 180 Minutes


Geology- 200 Marks

Duration of Test- 180 Marks


Geology- 200 Marks

Duration of Test- 180 Marks


Geology- 200 Marks

Duration of Test- 180 Marks

UPSC Geologist Syllabus Details-

UPSC Syllabus for General English-

The applying candidates will have to write a short essay in the English Language.

The paper's aim is to check the candidate's understanding of the English Language and how he uses the words. Geology Syllabus-


Geomorphology and Remote Sensing-


Development, Scope, Geomorphic concepts, Types, and Tools; Landforms: Role of Lithology, peneplaination, endogenous and exogenous forces responsible, climatic and Tectonic factors and rejuvenation of landforms.

Denudational processes-

Weathering, erosion, transportation, weathering products, and soils- profiles, types, duricrusts; Hillslopes: Their characteristics and development, fluvial processes on hillslopes; River and drainage basin, Drainage pattern, network characteristics, Valleys and their development, processes of river erosion, transportation and deposition; Landforms produced by geomorphic agents: Fluvial, Coastal, Glacial and Aeolian landforms.

Geomorphic indicators of neotectonic movements-

Stream channel morphology changes, drainage modifications, fault reactivation, Uplift- subsidence pattern in coastal areas; Applied Geomorphology: Application in various fields of earth sciences viz. Mineral prospecting, Geohydrology, Civil Engineering, and Environmental studies; Geomorphology of India: Geomorphic features and zones Electromagnetic radiation – characteristics, remote sensing regions, and bands; General orbital and sensor characteristics of remote sensing satellites; Spectra of common natural objects – soil, rock, water, and vegetation.

Aerial photos-  types, scale, resolution, properties of aerial photos, stereoscopic parallax, relief displacement; Principles of photogrammetry; Digital image processing - characteristics of remote sensing data, preprocessing, enhancements, classification; Elements of photo and imagery pattern and interpretation, application in Geology; Remote sensing applications in interpreting structure and tectonics, Lithological mapping, mineral resources, natural hazards, and disaster mitigation, groundwater potentials and environmental monitoring. Landsat, Skylab, Seasat, and other foreign systems of satellites and their interpretation of geological and other studies.

Space research in India – Bhaskara and IRS systems and their applications, Thermal IR remote sensing and its applications, Microwave remote sensing and its applications. The Principles and components of Geographic Information System (GIS), remote sensing data integration with GIS, applications of GIS in various geological studies.


Structural Geology Principle of geological mapping and map reading, projection diagrams-

Stress-strain relationships for elastic, plastic, and viscous materials. Measurement of strain in deformed rocks. The behavior of minerals and rocks under deformation conditions. Structural analysis of folds, cleavages, lineations, joints, and faults. Superposed deformation. Mechanism of folding, faulting, and progressive deformation.

Shear Zones: Brittle and ductile shear zones, geometry and products of shear zones; Mylonites and cataclasites, their origin and significance.The time relationship between crystallization and deformation. Unconformities and basement-cover relations. Structural behavior of igneous plutons, diapers and salt domes. Introduction to petrofabric analysis.

Part- C

Geodynamics Earth and its internal structure-

Continental drift- geological and geophysical evidence and objections. An overview of plate tectonics including elementary concepts of plates, lithosphere, asthenosphere, types of plate boundaries, and associated important geological features like oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, accretionary wedges, the topography of mid-ocean ridges, magnetic anomaly stripes and transform faults.

Gravity anomalies at mid-ocean ridges, deep-sea trenches, continental shield areas, and mountain chains. Palaeomagnetism and its application for determining palaeoposition of continents. Isostasy, Orogeny, and Epeirogeny. Seismic belts of the earth. Seismicity at plate boundaries.

Principles of Geodesy, Global Positioning System (GPS), and its application in crustal motion monitoring including neotectonics. Palaeoposition of India and Geodynamics of the Indian plate.

Part- D

Stratigraphy Principles of Stratigraphy-

History and Development of Stratigraphy; Stratigraphic procedures (Surface and Subsurface); Concept of Lithofacies and Biofacies; Stratigraphic Correlation (Litho, Bio- and Chronostratigraphic Correlation); Study of standard stratigraphic code (Lithostratigraphic, Biostratigraphic and Chronostratigraphic); Concepts of Magnetostratigraphy, Chemostratigraphy, Event stratigraphy, and Sequence stratigraphy; Nomenclature and the modern stratigraphic code.

Radioisotopes and measuring geological time. Geological time-scale. Stratigraphic procedures of correlation of unfossiliferous rocks. Precambrian stratigraphy of India: Achaean stratigraphy -tectonic frame-work, geological history and evolution of Dharwar, and their equivalents; Easterghats mobile belt; Proterozoic stratigraphy -tectonic framework, geological history and evolution of Cuddapahs and their equivalents.

Paleozoic stratigraphy: Palaeozoic formations of India with special reference to type localities, history of sedimentation, fossil content. Mesozoic stratigraphy: Mesozoic formations of India with special reference to type localities, history of sedimentation, fossil content. Cenozoic stratigraphy: Cenozoic formations of India, Rise of the Himalayas, and evolution of Siwalik basin.

Stratigraphic boundaries: Stratigraphic boundary problems in Indian geology. Gondwana Supergroup and Gondwanaland. Deccan Volcanics. Quaternary stratigraphy. Rocks record, palaeoclimates, and paleogeography.

Part- E

Palaeontology Evolution of the fossil record and the geological time scale-

Basic and functional morphology of major fossil groups. Species concept; Major evolutionary theories; Techniques in Palaeontology megafossils- microfossils – nannofossils, ichnofossils – collection, identification, and illustration – binomial Nomenclature; Invertebrate Palaeontology – A brief study of morphology, classification, evolutionary trends and distribution of Bivalves, cephalopods and Gastropods, Echinoids, Corals, and Brachiopods.

Vertebrate Palaeontology – Brief study of vertebrate life through ages. Evolution of reptiles and mammals; Siwalik vertebrate fauna; Biodiversity and mass extinction events; evidence of life in Precambrian times; Palaeontological perspective: Use of palaeontological data in a) Stratigraphy b) Palaeoecology and evolution; Introduction to Micropalaeontology.

Types of Microfossils; Plant fossils: Gondwana flora and their significance. Different microfossil groups and their distribution in India; Application of palynology. The basic idea about the statistical application in paleontology. Fundamentals of isotopic studies of fossils.

Download- UPSC Geologist Admit Card

Check & Download- Combined Geo-Scientist (Preliminary) Examination Notification PDF